V Value-addedA measure of the progress that schools and colleges help individual candidates make between different stages of education, for example between key stage 3 and key stage 4. *VCE (term not in current use)Vocational Certificate of Education. Vocational 3- or 6-unit A levels (equivalent to GCE AS and A2) or 12-unit A levels (equivalent to two GCEs), designed for post-16 candidates to provide a foundation for training leading to employment or further and higher education. These were revised with an AS/A2 structure for first teaching in September 2005 and were renamed GCEs in Applied Subjects. Vocational and technical qualifications (V/TQs)Some vocational qualifications involve a single day′s training and others may take two years full time study to achieve. In every case, the qualification will set out the requirements for the number of guided learning hours. When this has been done to the required standard the awarding organisation will issue a qualification certificate. High numbers of vocationally related qualifications and National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) continue to expire. These qualifications have been available for some time and are now approaching their expiry dates. Verification of resultsA service offered by Cambridge if a candidate or another institution, such as an employer or university, wants to verify results issued by Cambridge. VOICE (teaching Union that accepts exams officers)Voice is the union for education professionals, and they speak up for everyone, from teachers, lecturers, nursery nurses and nannies, to head teachers and school support staff, including teaching assistants, technicians and administrators and students.