Part Absence Award
See Aegrotat Award

Pastoral Manager
See Head of Year (HoY)


Pearson is a commercial company which absorbed Edexcel and is therefore now one of the Awarding Bodies.

Performance Tables (league tables)
Statistics about school and college performance, including test results, teacher assessments, Ofsted reports and financial information for academies. These can be used to compare schools in a particular area.

Personal Learning Record Service
This is a Skills Funding Agency (SFA) initiative designed to help learners access their academic and vocational achievement data so that data can be more effectively shared between learners, education providers, training providers and employers. All learners over the age of 16 can log onto a secure website to access their PLR, assuming they have a ULN. The PLR is populated with data direct from awarding organisations.

Pirate entries (see also Late entries)
These occur when candidates, who for some reason have not been entered, sit the examination and their papers appear in the examiners' envelopes for marking.

Formerly the Annual School Census (ASC). The DfES’s largest and most complex data collection exercise. The PLASC differs from the ASC in that the information is provided as an individual candidate record, including the candidate’s name, unique pupil number (UPN), key stage and examination results. Introduced in January 2002 and a statutory requirement under section 537A of the Education Act 1996. PLASC provides essential information to the DfES regarding national policy implementation and the monitoring of standards.

A portfolio is a collection of internally assessed work that a candidate completes. A unit portfolio refers to the work required to satisfy the assessment requirements for an individual unit. A full portfolio includes all the internally assessed work required to complete the qualification. (See Coursework and Internal standardisation.)

Post-results services
Services provided by awarding organisations following JCQ requirements for enquiring about results (clerical checks, re-marks and re-moderations), access to scripts, etc.

Preliminary material
Sometimes referred to as pre-release material, these are documents released to students before their exam e.g. case study material and guidance notes for projects/assignments.

*Procedures and Rules (Entry, Aggregation and Certification)
A JCQ publication that sets out the rules and principal administrative requirements for GCE, GCSE and vocational qualifications introduced from September 2000.

A responsible adult who may sit beside the candidate in order to keep his or her attention on the task in hand. (See Access arrangements and Special consideration.)

Provisional timetable
Timetable issued by an awarding organisation to inform Centres and candidates of likely examination dates. Usually issued at least 12 months in advance of the series and designed to enable Centres to plan and comment on any problems that may arise from it.

Private candidates (or external candidates)
A private candidate (as opposed to an internal candidate registered within the centre) in the UK examination system is a person who enters an examination but is not enrolled as a learner at the Centre (school or college) where he or she sits the exam. Private candidates or external candidates may be independent adult learners and/or Home Educated students. The term ‘private’ must not be interpreted solely as someone who has extensive funding backup and has chosen to opt out of mainstream educational establishments.