CAIE (was known as CIE)
Cambridge Assessment International Exams which is the international arm of Cambridge Assessment with OCR being its domestic arm. However, CAIE is not a member of the JCQ group and therefore not all its practices and procedures comply with the JCQ guidelines. CIEA exam timetables have been set up to meet their international market and not just the domestic UK market so exam officers, parents and students need to be aware of these differences when entering the exam process.

Candidate
A person who has been entered for an assessment.

Candidate record form/sheet 
The form that records the coursework for a candidate and that accompanies the coursework when it is sent to a moderator. The authentication form is also sent at the same time when required.

Candidate Statement of Entry
A printed statement for each individual candidate showing Centre information, candidate number and/or UCI and ULN, name, gender, date of birth, subject entries and the session of the written papers for an examination series. Should be checked by the candidate.

Candidate Statement of Provisional Results (CSPR)
A printed statement of results for each individual candidate sent to Centres on a prepublished date. Now usually only available in electronic form which Centres can choose to print

Candidate Results Service (CAIE Direct)
A service that gives candidates access to their results directly via a secure website. Centres can control which of their candidates have access to the site and what they can view through the ‘Administer Exams’ page on CAIE Direct.

Carried forward marks
A result or mark awarded for an internally assessed component in one examination series and carried forward to another series to be used for certification when the corresponding option code is entered.

*Cash-in code (See also ‘Aggregation code’ or ‘Certification entry’).
A code for cashing-in - ie. turning a set of individual results into an award, grade or certificate.

*Cashing-in
The term used to describe the process by which candidates claim the overall grade for a subject which is made up of the results of units or modules, which aggregate to a recognised qualification (e.g. AS or A level).

CAT
See HAT

CBAC 
Cyd-Bwyllgor Addysg Cymru/Welsh Joint Education Committee.
An awarding organisation, regulated by ACCAC in Wales, QCA in England and CCEA in Northern Ireland.

CCEA (CCEA do not operate across most of England, but may do in selective centres)
Also written as NICCEA. The Northern Ireland Council for the Curriculum Examinations and Assessment. The regulatory authority for Northern Ireland for external qualifications offered to candidates up to the age of 19 in full-time education. Also conducts and moderate’s examinations and assessment. An awarding organisation which no longer offers specifications for Centres in the England.

Centre
School, college, establishment or institution (PRU, prison, hospital, MOD field station) approved and registered by an awarding organisation for the entry of candidates to its assessments and for the conduct of those assessments.

Centre number
The five-digit number allocated to all approved Centres by the National Centre Number register (NCN register). Forms the first five characters of a unique candidate identifier (UCI).

Certificate
The official document issued by an awarding organisation to confirm the achievement of results in an examination series. A certificate is unique and remains the property of the AO and is often protected by security features to guard against fraud.

Certification (See also ‘Aggregation’ and ‘Cashing-in)’.
The process whereby performances achieved on individual units or modules are combined to give a GCE, GCSE, or Entry Level Certificate grade for modular specification.

Certification code
Four-character code that signals to an awarding organisation that a candidate wishes to claim an award or certificate at the end of a modular or unitised assessment scheme.

Certification entry (See also ‘Cash-in Code’ or ‘Aggregation Code’)
An entry code that instructs an awarding organisation to aggregate units (modules) and award a grade and a certificate for a qualification.

Certifying statement
An official document issued by an Awarding Organisation or exam body to show the grades achieved by a candidate in a particular series. It can be sent it to educational institutions or prospective employers at the request of a candidate.

Chartered College of Teaching (CCoT) - new representative body for the teaching community 

City & Guilds
The City and Guilds of London Institute, an awarding organisation offering vocational qualifications for workplace skills.

CLAIT
Computer Literacy and Information Technology. An introductory-level course for those with little or no computer experience. Covers all the basics, such as using a computer, word processing, spreadsheets.

Clash-resolved timetable
Term used by some awarding organisations for an examinations timetable after it has been adjusted for individual candidates who have more than one examination in a session. (See Timetable clash.)

CMIS
Computerised management information system. Now more frequently written as MIS. A Centre’s computer system that is used to manage candidate information, entries and timetables, for example SIMS, Phoenix Gold.

*Code of practice 
Document issued by the regulatory authorities that determines the policy and procedures of an awarding organisation. The awarding organisations are regulated by its criteria which is overseen by OfQual.

Cohort
A group of students working together through the same academic curriculum

Component
An assessable part of a specification that is not certificated as a separate entity, for example a unit may comprise two separately assessed components such as a written paper and a practical.

Contingency Plans 
Although there is no strict definition of ‘disaster’, but it can be viewed as any event that happens with or without warning, which may cause damage to property but which results in severe disruption to the Centre. The contingency plan is simply a tool to help to manage when a disaster has occurred. It should contain information needed and list procedures and actions to ensure the Centre is able to return to back working to full capacity (if necessary, for example in case of a flood or fire, in a different location). It should be generic enough to cover all situations and simple enough to be easy to use and update.

*Controlled assessment
Controlled assessment is similar to coursework as it gives candidates an opportunity to show what they know about a certain topic/area of the subject. It differs, however, in its controls which determine how and where the assessments are completed and what resources can be used.

Coursework/Portfolio
Tasks undertaken by candidates according to the requirements of a prescribed component of a qualification specification. Normally marked by the candidate’s own teacher according to the awarding organisations’ criteria. This mark is then moderated within the Centre and then moderated by the awarding organisations.

*Coursework/Portfolio internal standardisation meeting
A meeting to ensure that teachers within a Centre or group of Centres apply the same standards in assessing their candidates’ work. If a coursework/portfolio internal standardisation meeting is arranged by an awarding organisation, attendance by at least one teacher from a Centre may be a mandatory requirement. Usually known as moderation.